Athenian Society Analysis through Political Thoughts
Investigating Aeschylus’s Oresteia, Aristotle’s Politics, Plato’s Gorgias, Sophocles’ Antigone, and Thucydides’ The History of the Peloponnesian War in great depths, and analyzed the social, cultural, and political problems revealed in these works through the method of producing a visual illustration.
Producing visual illustration and analysis on ancient Greek political history and society thematically, with dichotomies like sex and war, gender, and politics.
Analysis of Aeschylus' Oresteia:
Familial Murder and Seizure for Power
In Aeschylus' most well-known tragic trilogy, the theme of familial murder and the political conflict became the recurring themes throughout the three parts. However, we will devote most of our time to the last part of the trilogy, the Eumenides, where we see an early example of the jury-court system.
Thucydides: the History of the Peloponnesian War
The bloody war broke out between Athens and Sparta turned into an eighteen-years long battle among the Greek city-states, alliances were formed and treaties have been signed.
In this section, we will try to investigate the underlying theme behind all the political and military conflicts, getting to the bottom of the problem: two different systems of government came to a clash, which one will persevere? Democracy or oligarchy?
Gorgias: Examining the life of a philosopher and that of an orator-politician
Plato starts off Gorgias with an examination of the nature of oratory, in which an inquiry into the qualities and ends of oratory was made. Here we see the interlocutor of this dialogue, Socrates, confronts several figures who upheld the belief that oratory should be considered as a craft and that it aims for what is just and unjust. Socrates cross-examines them using his usual Socratic Elenchus, and we will see how Socrates identifies the paradoxical nature of them.